Ancestor of cappuccino is kapuciner, coffee which was popular in Vienna caffes at the beginning of 18th century. It was named kapucin, which literally means hood, referring to colour of Capuchin friars` habits.
Meanwhile, francikaner, coffee that used to be made with more milk, had light brown colour and was named by habits of St. Francis friars. Its modern name and taste cappuccino got in its country of origin, Italy, after popularization of espresso machine in 1901. There is first written tray from 1930 that cappuccino was made by barmens (people who knew how to use espresso machine, still complicated at that time) and served in Viennese style, with cream and cinnamon on the top and grated chocolate.
After world war II, so called Age of Cream has begun, and all ingredients were included in the game: pure espresso, warm milk, milk cream on the top and mandatory warm porcelain cup. First, cappuccino gained popularity through Europe and Britain, then in US in 90s; today, it is popular on all continents, at any time during the day, and barmens are enriching cappuccino, experimenting with fruity, chocolate and caramel notes.